A Beginner’s guide to hand knitting simple socks

Knitting simple socks

Although I have knitted for many years, I only made my first sock about 10 years ago. I bought some sock yarn and read through the pattern. I always do this before starting a knitting project, just so I understand how the item is made and what will be the easy and hard parts. Most of the sock pattern seemed straightforward enough, but the instructions for the heel made no sense at all. I started knitting wondering how it would work; the heel did work, but was nothing like anything I’d seen before. All my previous socks had been bought from shops and all had the same type of heel, but the heel I had just knitted was very different. And that is one of the wonderful things about hand knitting socks – the variety of approaches that can be taken.

How to knit tutorial: A beginner's guide to hand knitting simple socks

So many choices!

The main difference is where you start and end. Top-down socks are cast on at the top, and finish at the toes whereas toe-up socks start with the toes and finish at the cuff. You could choose to knit a simple heelless sock, or you could choose from forethought heels, afterthought heels or heels worked as you knit the sock. The two main types of heels worked with the sock are short-row heels and heels with heel flaps. Then you can choose from short-row, star, round and wedge toes.

Different parts of hand knit socks

All this variety might be confusing to a beginner sock knitter, but, if you start with a simple sock pattern (choose stocking stitch) and take things one step at a time, sock knitting is easy and, I warn you, addictive!

My latest sock was knitted from the top down, in stocking stitch; here’s how I did it.

Start with an easy bit

I started with a k2, p2 rib …

Simple socks - cuff knitted in Jupiter Galaxy from Regia Yarns

… then knitted the leg in stocking stitch. This is so easy you may find you knit too many rounds, especially if you use a variegated yarn, when you will be distracted by which colour or pattern is about to appear!

Simple socks - cuff and leg knitted in Jupiter Galaxy from Regia Yarns

You might be able to spot that I use five needles when knitting socks, so I have a quarter of the stitches on each needle and a working needle. I prefer five needles to four for two reasons:

  • You are less likely to form ladders with five needles than four.
  • It’s easy to identify which stitches should be used for the heel, since they will be on the needles either side of the yarn end.

It’s not that difficult!

Beginners to sock knitting often fear the heel, but they are not very difficult and don’t take long to knit. I choose to knit a heel flap in a slip stitch pattern which will make it wear better. A heel flap is knitted in rows; after this turning the heel takes just a few rows.

Simple socks - heel flap and turn knitted in Jupiter Galaxy from Regia Yarns

Once the heel is finished, you knit in the round again. To do this, you have to pick up stitches along either side of the heel flap. Consequently, there are more stitches than you start with, so you work a gusset in which you decrease the number of stitches until you have the same number of stitches as you started with. In the photo below you can see where the decreases were worked on one side of the sock.

Simple socks - gusset knitted in Jupiter Galaxy from Regia Yarns

Easy again

I worked the foot in stocking stitch, so that is just knit stitches when working in the round.

Simple socks - foot knitted in Jupiter Galaxy from Regia Yarns

I chose to work a star toe for these socks; this is easy since use the same decreases on each needle.

Simple socks - toe knitted in Jupiter Galaxy from Regia Yarns

Here is the finished sock! It’s not yet blocked, but I’ll do that when the second sock is finished.

Simple socks - knitted in Jupiter Galaxy from Regia Yarns

The yarn I used is from the Galaxy range by Regia Yarns in Jupiter shade.

Simple socks - knitted in Jupiter Galaxy from Regia Yarns

Would you like a go?

When I’ve knitted the second sock and written the pattern up, I’ll be sending it (as a pdf) to subscribers to my email newsletter.  If you would like a copy you can subscribe here.

Update: I’ve written the pattern and called them Star Socks. The pattern for Star socks is available to download from the Being Knitterly Ravelry Pattern store or here in print, together with a Ravelry digital download code.

If you want to learn

This week I’ll be teaching a sock workshop. We shall knit two baby-sized socks, both top-down, one with a short-row heel and one with a heel flap and gusset. For some reason small things always look cute, and socks are no exception.

Top-down sock with short-row heel and wedge toe

We’ll be using a variegated yarn, this time Jawoll magic from Lang Yarns. This is a slightly thicker yarn, so it will be quicker for the new sock knitters to make their socks.

Top-down sock with heel flap and star toe

The Simple Socks workshop takes place at the Framework Knitters Museum in Ruddington, Nottinghamshire. Many of my ancestors were framework knitters, so it seems fitting somehow that I should teach sock knitting at a museum that shows how they lived and worked.

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2 Responses to A Beginner’s guide to hand knitting simple socks

  1. Suzan Olgeirsson 4 June 2019 at 3:20 #

    I have yet to knit my first sock but have always selved the idea, but after this tutorial, I think I am ready to try. Have all the supplies, so will start in the morning. I live in a fairly remote part of South Africa, up on a hill side and enjoy beautiful veiws while I sit and knit, my projects. Thank you for sharing your talents. I know that you will forever be blessed for this.

    • Being Knitterly 4 June 2019 at 8:03 #

      Good luck with your first sock, Suzan! Most people find their first sock a bit nerve-racking, but once you understand how it works, you may find sock knitting addictive.

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